Our Services

Doctor's Advice


Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases. Arthritis or simply years of use may cause a joint to wear out.


  • When a particular joint is devoid of cartilage
  • When it is difficult and painful to move the joint and the pain becomes so severe that you start avoiding the use of the particular joint.
  • When it is so painful that it affects your daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs and getting in and out of a chair.
  • When individuals with arthritis experience pain while sitting on a chair or lying down, with discomfort at night, and wakeful pain moments.
  • When reduced walking distance and difficulties in foot care are common symptoms. There is sometimes a leg length difference which exaggerates the limp.


The most common orthopaedic treatment is joint replacement surgery to improve mobility. Joint replacement surgery is removing a damaged joint and replace with a new one.

Sometimes, the surgeon will not remove the whole joint but will only replace the damaged parts. Replacing a joint can relieve pain and help you move and feel better. You may return to activities that was previously limited due to pain. Hips and knees are replaced most often.

Other joints that can be replaced include the shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows.

Treatment options include latest advancement in implant materials (metal) and ceramics), techniques (minimally invasive, computer navigation) and technologies (patient specific instruments and implants).

Type of Joint Replacement
  • Primary and Revision Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Hip and Knee Replacement
  • Computer Assisted Knee Replacement
  • Adult Joint Reconstruction
  • Partial Knee Replacement
  • Treatment of Hip and Knee Disorders in Young Adults
  • Joint Preservation Procedures


Fractures result from trauma to the bone that is in excess of what the bone can tolerate. The causative trauma can be low impact if the bone is weak, such as in patients with osteoporosis.

A fracture can be the culmination of repetitive trauma or overuse, commonly referred to as stress fractures. Lastly, fractures come about as a result of high impact events such as falls, motor vehicle accidents, or athletic events.


  • When one has a broken bone - a visibly out-of-place or misshapen limb or joint, broken skin with bone protruding, limited mobility or inability to move a limb, numbness, intense pain, swelling, bruising or bleeding.
  • When one has a Colles’ wrist fracture - change in the shape or angle of the forearm just above the wrist, inability to hold or lift heavy objects, wrist pain and swelling above the wrist.
  • When one has a complex long bone fracture (i.e. femur, tibia, humerus).
  • When one has Malunions - bones that heal improperly.
  • When one has Nonunions - bones that do not heal.
  • When one has a pelvic and hip socket fracture.
  • When one has severe fractures of the upper and lower extremities including open and complex injuries surrounding the joint.
  • When one has spinal fractures.


The goal of treatment of fractures by our doctors is to allow fracture healing while maintaining the form and function of the bone and the surrounding structures.

Treatment of the fracture is dependent on the severity of the fracture, which bone is broken and most importantly the status of the patient.

Our surgeons will determine if the fracture needs to be reduced (straightened out).

The fracture may be treated in a splint, cast or brace. In many instances, the best way to optimally achieve treatment goals is to treat the fracture by surgery to straighten the bone and possibly insert pins, plates, screws or rods.

After the fracture heals, it is imperative that the injured extremity is fully rehabilitated, which means it is returned to normal function, size, and strength.

Our physiotherapists are oftentimes involved in this process that is coordinated by our doctors.


The spinal column normally grows in a straight line from the neck to the pelvis. For some patients, during childhood, the spine begins to curve in an “S or C” shape, developing incorrectly. Left untreated, the curve may get progressively worse, causing pain and possibly leading to serious health complications that affect the lungs and heart.

With early detection, the physicians can identify the appropriate treatment, as well as the age for corrective action.

The spine can also be affected by arthritis, degenerative wear and tear problems affecting the joints and discs, as well as a variety of other abnormalities that cause pain, numbness and weakness. Problems in the low back (lumbar spine) can affect the leg and foot, while problems in the cervical spine (neck) can affect the arms and hands.


  • When one experiences mild or acute back pain which is sharp, stabbing, or aching.
  • When such pain usually centres around one area of the back. However, it may affect the neck, buttocks, shoulders and thighs. The pain is usually continuous and ranges in severity.
  • When pain is experienced during coughing, sneezing or from any movement or activity.
  • When chronic back pain that causes numbness, tingling or burning and sometimes pins and needles in the legs.
  • When low back and neck pain is becoming a common ailments that affects many of us. Back pain can be caused by a number of factors including: pinched nerves, herniated or degenerative discs, osteoarthritis, muscular problems and fractures.


The initial treatment usually includes rest, ice/heat, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, and possibly muscle relaxants and physical therapy. Most patients get better with conservative treatments and only a small percentage requires surgery.

Surgery procedures that we offer includes:
  • Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbosacral, and Intervertebral Spinal Conditions
  • Cervical Spine Disorders and Disc Replacement
  • Scoliosis and Spinal Deformities
  • Spinal Trauma
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Spinal Infections
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Minimally Invasive Techniques and Image Guided Technology
  • Comprehensive Treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease


Sadly with increased physical activity comes the risk of increased injury. When you’ve suffered a sports-related injury, your ability to perform on and off the field4 may be diminished.

Broadly, there are two types of injury. Firstly intrinsic, which are injuries that occur without any apparent cause and secondly, extrinsic, which occur when external forces are applied to the body. Sports injuries occur in both adults and children.


  • When experience pain over the outside of the elbow. A similar type of condition occurs on the inside of the elbow (golfer's elbow).
  • When experience pain in the shoulder and may be pain and tingling in the arm.
  • When experience acute or chronic pain as the shoulder is elevated; inability to lift the arm.
  • When experience pain that may be severe over the collar bone.
  • When experience headache, loss of consciousness (if severe), visual disturbance, vertigo or confusion.
  • When experience pain in the front or under the knee cap, or if it is a momentary event there may be a feeling of instability followed by pain and swelling.
  • When experience pain in the heel occasionally with swelling.
  • When twisted injury where the usual presentation is with pain, a popping noise may be heard as the ligament ruptures. When the problem is chronic pain and instability develop.
  • When experience pain in the groin that usually develops during or after sport.
  • When experience pain and swelling of the tendon itself or around it.
  • When experience pain under the base of the toes, occasionally with tingling in the toes and deformity of the toes.


Many of the sport injuries can be treated with arthroscopic surgery, a minimally invasive surgical method that utilizes a small camera to look inside a joint and specialized instruments to carry out any necessary surgery in that joint.

Treatment available:
  • Arthroscopy of the knee, shoulder and wrist
  • Cartilage Restoration Procedures
  • Knee Ligament Reconstruction
  • Meniscal repair
  • Patellofemoral Joint Instability
  • Rotator Cuff/Labral Repair


Our specialist centre consists of a highly experienced group of physiotherapists that diagnose, manage and treat disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. They are trained in the treatment of post-operative orthopaedic procedures, fractures, acute and chronic sports injuries, joint, back and neck pain.

They work hand-in-hand with your surgeons to coordinate your care and create a rehabilitation plan designed to expedite recovery, allowing you to resume your active lifestyle more quickly.


  • Suffering from low back pain, neck pain, recent injuries such as strains and sprains, or joint and muscular pain.
  • Post-operative care for elimination of pain, injury prevention and regain of mobility, to heal properly and resume daily activities.


Orthopaedic physiotherapists diagnose, manage, and treat disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system including rehabilitation after orthopaedic surgery.

Our team of experienced therapists are trained in the treatment of post-operative orthopaedic procedures, fractures, acute sports injuries, arthritis, sprains, strains, back and neck pain.

Joint and spine manipulation, therapeutic exercise, neuromuscular reeducation, hot/cold packs, and electrical muscle stimulation are some of the modalities used to expedite recovery.



  • General Orthopaedics
  • Anaesthesiology